East Asia's Other Miracle: Explaining the Decline of Mass Atrocities
East Asia, until recently a boiling pot of massacre and blood-letting, has achieved relative peace. A region that at the height of the Cold War had accounted for around eighty percent of the world's mass atrocities has experienced such a decline in violence that by 2015 it accounted for less than five percent.
This book explains East Asia's 'other' miracle and asks whether it is merely a temporary blip in the historical cycle or the dawning of a new, and more peaceful, era. It argues that the decline of mass atrocities in East Asia resulted from four interconnected factors. Although the region faces several significant future challenges, this book argues that the much reduced incidence of mass atrocities in East Asia is likely to be sustained into the foreseeable future.
The Responsibility to Protect: A Defense
The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) principle is the international community's major response to the problem of genocide and mass atrocities - a problem seen in Bosnia, Rwanda and more recently in Syria. This book argues that although it is far from perfect R2P offers the best chance we have of building an international community that works to prevent these crimes and protect vulnerable populations. To make this argument, the book sets out the logic of R2P and its key ambitions, examines some of the critiques of the principle and its implementation in situations such as Libya, and sets out ways of overcoming some of the practical problems associated with moving this principle from words into deeds.
Massacres & Morality: Mass Atrocities in an Age of Civilian Immunity
Most cultural and legal codes agree that the intentional killing of civilians, whether in peacetime or war, is prohibited. Yet the deliberate killing of large numbers of civilians remains a persistent feature of global political life. What is more, the perpetrators have often avoided criticism and punishment. Examining dozens of episodes of mass killing perpetrated by states since the French Revolution, this book explains the paradox. It argues that although the world has made impressive progress in legislating against the intentional killing of civilians and in constructing institutions to give meaning to that prohibition, the ascendancy of civilian immunity is both more recent and more fragile than we might think.
(with Paul D. Williams)
Peace operations are a principal tool for managing armed conflict and building world peace. Understanding Peacekeeping provides a comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to the theory, practice and politics of contemporary peace operations.
Drawing on more than twenty-five historical and contemporary case studies, this book evaluates the changing characteristic of peacekeeping.
Responsiblity to Protect
At the 2005 UN World Summit, world leaders endorsed the international principle of Responsibility to Protect (R2P), acknowledging that they had a responsibility to protect populations from genocide and mass atrocities.
This book charts the emergence of this principle and what that acknowledgment actually means. It argues that although 2005 marked an important watershed, much more work is needed to translate the principle ‘from words into deeds’.
In what circumstances is it legitimate to use force? How should force be used? These are two of the most crucial questions confronting world politics today.
The Just War tradition provides a set of criteria which political leaders and soldiers use to defend and rationalize war. This book explores the evolution of thinking about just wars and examines its role in shaping contemporary debates about the use of force.